Herodotus, 5th century BC:
“In the days of Atys the son of Manes (note: a long time before Herodotus was born, therefore even in the 5th century BC more in the realm of mythology than in verifiable fact), there was great scarcity through the whole land of Lydia. For some time the Lydians bore the affliction patiently, but finding that it did not pass away, they set to work to devise remedies for the evil. Various expedients were discovered by various persons; dice, and knuckle-bones, and ball, and all such games were invented, except tables, the invention of which they do not claim as theirs. The plan adopted against the famine was to engage in games one day so entirely as to not feel any craving for food, and the next day to eat and abstain from games. In this way they passed eighteen years.” The Histories, Book One.